This is one of many photos that will be coming from my trip to French Gulch-a gold mining town just off Hwy 299 west of Redding. Please let me know if you can identify the product from Del Norte County.
If you would like me to give a presentation similar to that in the video to your civic group or classroom, please email me at email@example.com.
It is not pleasant history, but it is important and has been lost and forgotten too many times.
That title was about as random as I could make it for a reason–and blog visitor Skippy is helping to make my point.
No one could identify Fort Grand or the Hausels. Maybe (though I’m not claiming we know for sure) that is because this is CAMP GRANT and the HANSELLS (Skippy’s very plausable theory).
I’ve lectured on this type of thing before but it has been a while. Please, everyone, mark your photos clearly. Then scan ‘em if you haven’t. Print ‘em if all you have are electronic copies. Both are vulnerable.
And if you have cool old photos and want to share, email them to me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I’ll post them here. We’d love to see them.
The following came from Skippy. Thanks Skip !
Here’s my guess about this picture:
It’s not Fort Grand, but Camp Grant near Dyerville on the Eel River. It’s an easy misnomer to make. Camp Grant was a military camp under the jurisdiction of Fort Humboldt. Perhaps Fort and Camp were used interchangeably or confused altogether, and also Grand vs. Grant, too. When I first saw the picture, this was the location I had immediately in my mind.
So many things make this cool that it is really a wonder I haven’t posted this picture before.
I love Table Bluff in the background. And the pennisula to the right. The rider on the horse and someone walking on the road. This photo does make me wonder, though, where the Indian Village was located.
Two years after this painting was done, it was believed that all who lived in that village were killed… I may enjoy the tangents, but the original driver for this blog, the murder that began an obsession. is never far from my thoughts.
I have to admit that I sometimes wondered if stories of the white’s attempts to wipe out the Indian culture were a bit exaggerated.
This is one area where I can openly admit I wish I was right–because the proof below that I am wrong also reveals a more recent cultural genocide that is hard to comprehend…
“Dept. of the Interior OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, Washington January 13, 1902 The Superintendent, Greenville School, CaIifornia, Sir;
This office desires to call to your attention to a few customs among the Indians which, it is believed, should be modified or discontinue. The wearing of long hair, by the male population of your agency is not in keeping with the advancement they are making, or will soon be expected to make, in civilization. The wearing of short hair will be a great advance and will certainly hasten their progress toward civilization. The returned male student far too frequently goes back to the reservation and falls into the old custom of letting his hair grow long.
He also paints profusely and adopts all the old habits and customs which the education in our Industrial schools has tried to eradicate. The fault does not lie so much with the schools as with the conditions found on the reservation. Those conditions are very often due to the policy of the Government toward the Indian and are often perpetuated by the superintendent’s not caring to take the initiative in fastening any new policy on his administration of the affairs of the agency. On many of the reservations the Indians of both sexes paint, claiming that it keeps their skin warm in winter and cool in summer; but instead, the paint melts when the Indian perspires and runs down into the eyes. The use of this paint leads to many disease of the eyes among those Indians who paint. Persons who have given considerable thought and investigation to the subject are satisfied that this custom causes the majority of the cases of blindness among the Indians of the United States.
You are therefore directed, to induce your male Indians to cut their hair and both sexes to stop painting. With some of the Indians this will be an easy matter; with others it will require considerable tact and perseverance on the part of yourself and your employes to successfully carry out these instructions. With your Indian employes and those Indians who draw rations and supplies it should be an easy matter as a non-compliance with the order may be made a reason for discharge or for withholding rations and supplies. Many may be induced to comply with the order voluntarily, especially the returned student. The returned students who do not comply voluntarily should be dealt with summarily. Employment, supplies, etc., should be withdrawn until they do comply and if they become obstreperous about the matter a short confinement in the guard-house at hard labor, with shorn locks, should furnish a cure. Certainly all the younger men should wear short hair, and it is believed that by tact, perseverance, firmness, and withdrawal of supplies the Superintendent can induce all to comply with this order.
The wearing of citizen’s clothing, instead of the Indian costume and blanket, should be encouraged. Indian dances and so-called Indian feasts should be prohibited. In many cases these dances and feasts are simply subterfuge to cover degrading acts and to disguise immoral purposes, you are directed to use your best efforts in the suppression of these evils. Very respectfully, WL (W) “
Researching Lucy has given me an opportunity to learn many, many things about our history, including the court’s attitude toward illegitimate children in the early 1900s. The following came from the Superior Court of California (County of Humboldt) probate record for Charles Mulberg (Lucy’s son) , who died “on or about March 23, 1928″.
Inheritance in all other cases is eliminated on account of public policy founded upon a moral reason. If every illegitimate child could claim inheritance from his brothers and sisters, public scandal would be placed upon the head of many otherwise decent and respectable citizens. The legislature therefore evidently considered it a better policy to lessen public scandal and deny inheritance to an illegitimate, than to throw open the doors of public scandal and gossip, subject many persons to questionable ridicule and permit an illegitimate to expose the illicit relations of his or her ancestors, merely for the purpose of sharing the estate of his parent’s kindred. It therefore left the right of inheritance of an illegitimate to these cases where the parents themselves had exposed such illicit relations by admitting parentage. …
Sucks for the poor bastards (literally) whose parents didn’t want to claim them.
Now the Probate Record, which revealed much about Lucy and her children
To those who enjoy regular posts I must apologize. Work and … life have gotten the better of me lately. Hopefully I’ll get back into regular postings.
I do want to keep on the thread/topic of Lucy and plan to continue discussing her limited options and the dangers she and her children faced during the settlement period. The focus of the next (this) post was going to be the risks inherant to those on reservations but… but, as often happens with me, I’ve gotten distracted. Sort of.
Looking through my notes regarding reservations I found the following, which discusses the founding of the Klamath (which is now the Yurok) Indian reservation. It may be dry reading for some, but I chose not to edit any of it.
It was very surprising …. well, Please also be sure to catch the newspaper editor’s response to the founding of the reservation which follows the letters–his perspective is very different from how reservations are viewed today.
Klamath River Reserve.
SIR: Referring to your communication of the 8th of August last to the Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs, advising him of the approval by the President of the United States of the recommendation of the Department that it was expedient to expend the money appropriated on the 3rd of March last for removing the Indians in California to two additional military reservations, I have the honor now to make the following report:
Continued from Previous Post …
Indian children faced risks when living in white households as servants, but staying in villages with their families was even more dangerous.
The other day I went wandering (in my car, so not as primitive as it sounds, but still pretty great) onto the Wildcat and into Petrolia ( a tiny northern California coastal town for those who are unfamiliar), where I found the Pioneer Cemetery.
I really had little thought of posts for my blog until after I’d followed a road,
In the Inquest Record, Lucy is quoted as expressing fear over the well-being of her children. She had good reason.
During the “Indian Wars” of the 1850s and 1860s in Humboldt County, Indian children were quite vulnerable. Many were purchased or taken as pets or servants, but even then, they weren’t fully protected.
1861, June 22, Humboldt Times-Outrageous—An Indian boy, in the service of Mr. Swain, Elk river, aged about fifteen years, was murdered while at work in the garden of his employer on Wednesday. He was shot through the body with a rifle ball and died almost instantly. The boy had lived with Mr. Swain, we are told, for several years; indeed, had been brought up by him almost from infancy, and is said by the neighbors to have been a good servant and an unoffensive lad. Although this deed was committed in the daytime and but a short distance from the house, it is not known who was the perpetrator; but whoever it was we trust he may be known and have justice meted out to him. A man who will kill an Indian boy in this manner, without adequate cause, but merely because he belongs to that race of human beings, is not exalted above the savage. It is cowardly acts like this that casts a foul stain upon the reputation of this county, and paralyzes the efforts of those who endeavor to secure aid from Government to protect the lives and property of her citizens from the attacks of hostile bands in the mountains.